Research at the Department of History focuses on several areas. The core area – in which the Department has achieved notable international renown – is modern economic and social history; this ranks among the key research areas of the entire University. Currently, research in this field – conducted in conjunction with the Centre for Economic and Social History, a research centre at the Faculty of Arts – is focusing on economic and social factors of the historical process of modernization from the 18th to the 20th century.
The second main area of research at the Department – and one which is growing dynamically – is the transformation of Central European society during the High Middle Ages (12th–14th century). Department staff participate in interdisciplinary research of medieval society and culture as part of the Faculty’s Centre for Research in Medieval Society and Culture (Vivarium). Another specialist area of interest at the Department is the didactics of history teaching; researchers have achieved international renown for their empirical studies in this field.